There are a range of different subjects that are taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Both the core subjects and the electives that are available from the third year onwards. All first year students are required to take seven compulsory subject’s. These include, Transfiguration, Charms, Potions, History of Magic, Defence Against the Dark Arts, Herbology and Flying Lessons. In their second year, all students must take two additional subjects from the following list: Arithmancy, Muggle Studies, Divination, Study of Ancient Runes and Care of Magical Creatures. There is also a variety of extra curricular subjects that students can participate in. Such as, Ancient Studies, Art, Earth Magic, Frog Choir, Ghoul Studies, Magical Theory, Muggle Art, Music, Muggle Music, Orchestra and Xylomancy.
In their fifth year of school, all students are required to take their Ordinary Wizarding Levels (OWL) exams. The results of these exams will determine whether or not they have achieved high enough to continue on to Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test (NEWT) in their final two years of school.
Astronomy is a type of magic that revolves around the study of starts and planets. Practical magic is not necessary because the subject is purely knowledge based. Astronomy is the only subject in Hogwarts that is also a study in the Muggle world.
As stated in the name, it is a subject purely based on different charms. Students are taught many specific wand movements and pronunciations. Students also partner up and very often, experiment on each other.
Defence Against the Dark Arts
In this subject that is often referred to as DADA, students are taught to magically defend themselves against the Dark Arts. Also, offensive magic is taught in this class and so is duelling and other forms of offensive/defensive magic.
Flying lessons are only given in the first year at Hogwarts. In these lessons, students are taught how to fly on a broomstick.
In this subject, students study both magical and mundane plants and fungi. Also, students are taught the magical properties and uses of these plants and how to utilize and care for them.
History of Magic
This is the study of magical history where the use of practical magic is unnecessary. Many lectures are given in this class to explain the history of wizards in the magical world.
Potions is the subject where students are taught how to correctly brew specific potions by following recipes and using a range of different magical ingredients. They start by brewing simple potions before moving on to more complicated, advanced potions.
Transfiguration is some of the most complex and dangerous magic that is taught at Hogwarts. The art of changing the form and appearance of an object is taught. The art of Transfiguration is practiced during lessons and students are taught to use precise wand movements and specific pronunciation of different incantations.
Alchemy is the study of ancients sciences, the four natural elements, (Wind, Fire, Earth and Water), and the study of the transmutation of substances.
Apparition is a twelve week course in which students that are seventeen or will be turning seventeen, can enrol in to learn how to apparate. At the end of the course, if the student passes, they will receive an apparition license.
Not much is know about Arithmancy other than it is the study of predicting the future with numbers.
Care of Magical Creatures
In this lesson, students learn about the wide range of magical creatures and how they are fed, maintained, bred and cared for. Students will face many creatures such as, Hippogriffs, Unicorns and Thestrals.
Divination teaches methods of predicting the future and gathering insight into future events. Students are taught a range of ways to try and find out about future events such as reading tea leaves, looking into crystal balls, visions, astrology or tarot card reading.
Muggle Studies is a non-magical study where students are taught about the daily lives of Muggles. Also, students develop an understanding of Muggles, and the non-magical world.
Study of Ancient Runes
In this class, students study runic scriptures, (Runology), and ancient scripts of magic.